a. Exoteric Buddhism
Living Buddha Liansheng's masters: Master Yinshun, Master Leguo and Master Daoan
Per the old lay buddhist Bingnan Li's guidance, Living Buddha Liansheng and his mother took refuge in Master Yinshun at Taichung Lotus Society, Taichung, Taiwan. Living Buddha Liansheng was bestowed a dharma name "Huiyen".
Living Buddha Liansheng was introduced to Master Leguo by lay buddhist Ji Chao. Living Buddha Liansheng and Guru Lianxiang together took refuge in Master Leguo in Shalu,Taichung, Taiwan. Living Buddha Liansheng was bestowed a dharma name "Daoyen".
Living Buddha Liansheng was introduced to Master Daoan by buddhist monk Chengguang. Living Buddha Liansheng took refuge in Master Daoan in Xuanzang Temple at Sun Moon Lake, Taiwan.
b. Tantrism (Tibetan Buddhism)
Nyingma (Red) sect: Buddhist monk Leming – Living Buddha Liansheng
Buddhist monk Leming was also a Taoist priest in Mount Qingcheng, Sichuan, China. While Master Nona in Xikang, China moved to Sichuan to disseminate Tantrism in central plains of China, buddhist monk Leming met Master Nona. They became close friend and each other's master. Buddhist monk Leming gained Tantric lineage and Tantric dharma from Master Nona. Buddhist monk Leming imparted Feng Shui, Taoist charms and divination skill, etc. onto Master Nona.
②Sakya (Flower) sect: Master Sakya Zhengkong (Dezhung Rinpoche) – Living Buddha Liansheng
③Kagyu (White) sect: H. H. Kyabje Sixteenth Gyalwa Karmapa – Living Buddha Liansheng
④Gelug (Yellow) sect: Kangyur Wa Hutuktu ─ Tudeng Nima ─ Tudeng Dali ─ Tudeng Daji ─ Tudeng Chimo (Living Buddha Liansheng)
Living Buddha Liansheng: "I took refuge in Master Yinshun, Master Leguo, and Master Daoan in the exoteric buddhism. In the tantrism, I took refuge in Monk Leming, Master Sakya Zhengkong, H. H. Kyabje Sixteenth Gyalwa Karmapa, and Master Tudeng Daji. Etc. I have twenty-seven other masters in total, as well as many non-worldly masters who have given me guidance in my meditation and my dreams, and I have benefited a lot.”